Let's talk about teaching reading comprehension.
What is reading comprehension?
“Thinking guided by print.”
“Process, not a product, through which the reader draws meaning from the text.”
(Carlisle & Rice, 2002)
“Process of simultaneously extracting and constructing meaning through interaction and involvement with written language.”
(RAND Reading Report, 2002)
First, let's look at five ways we can instruct students to develop stronger comprehension skills.
Now, let's get to some comprehension-building ideas and activities!
There are many pre-reading strategies you can use to help with reading comprehension.
These are during or after-reading strategies:
Here are some other comprehension ideas-
Exit tickets are a good way to see what students gleaned from the day's readings.
Here is a short video on the How and Why of Exit Tickets
This door decoration (below) helps with using exit tickets. Students write on a sticky note and stick it on the door on the way out for a quick assessment of understanding. You can make this specific to reading. If you have younger students, they can draw a scene from the story read.
Seen at theteachertreasury.com
Another comprehension strategy I like is known as Collaborative Strategic Reading (Klinger and Vaughn, 1999).
Students work in small, cooperative groups applying four comprehension strategies:
1. Preview (think about what they already know, predict what the passage might be about)
2.“Click and clunk” (monitor comprehension, use fix-up strategies as needed)
3. Get the gist (glean and restate the most important idea)
4. Wrap up (summarize, ask questions)
Graphic organizers and anchor charts can also assist greatly with reading comprehension.
Main Idea Anchor Chart...
Anchor charts were found HERE.
And here is a FREEBIE from TPT on main idea.
Here are some links to some sites that can also help with teaching reading comprehension.
Helps students improve their reading comprehension by questioning the text, thinking aloud, writing post-it notes, and participating in guided practice.
ReadWorks lessons are organized by skill, strategy, and grade levels.
Free Reading offers ready-made intervention lessons organized by specific skill.
Check out the SPOTLIGHT on Paired Passages Series.
These resources guide students in grades 1-8 through a variety of reading comprehension skills and prompts for writing in response to text. You can download FREE samples for your grade level.