Metacognition is constructing meaning during reading.
According to Fountas and Pinnell (2000), “Metacognition literally means "big thinking." You are thinking about thinking. During this process you are examining your brain's processing. Teachers work to guide students to become more strategic thinkers by helping them understand the way they are processing information. Questioning, visualizing, and synthesizing information are all ways that readers can examine their thinking process. Through scaffolding and reciprocal teaching, students are able to practice the skills that lead to these overt acts becoming automatic.”
There are some ways to help students develop metacognitive strategies.
*Having students make connections with text by using their background knowledge, or schema
* Encourage students to ask questions throughout the reading of the text
*Have students make predictions and inferences
*Ask students to identify text structures
*Visualizing is an important ability of readers in order to be able to process text
*Give the students a purpose for their reading by sharing the objective or outcome with them
By utilizing these strategies, you will encourage your child or student to become purposeful in his/her reading.
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