Thursday, August 7, 2014

RtI-Response to Intervention

Your school may already use the concept of RtI or Response to Intervention, or you may have heard about RtI and wondered what it was.
RtI was developed in the late 1970s by researchers looking for methods to identify students with learning disabilities that did not respond to regular educational methods from those students who were struggling but did not need intensive intervention. RtI became reauthorized in 2004 under the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act).
RtI is a 3 tiered system model. It has expanded in education to be more than just something used to identify certain students and now it is utilized to help identify all students. They fit into the three tiers. Students can move up downward in tiers but we do not want them to go backward. For example, a tier 3 student can move into tier 2.
Educators determine which tier a student fits into based on continual assessments, or progress monitoring.

This is what the RtI model looks like.

Tier 1 students are roughly on grade level or above. Tier 1 students receive the core instructional program (whatever your curriculum is) along with small group instruction/guided reading. This usually means 90-120 minutes daily of reading instruction or activities. These students can be progress monitored about once a month.

Tier 2 students need additional support. These students are often referred to as your “bubble kids” since some of them are near tier 1 but not quite yet ready. I recommend progress monitoring these students every other week. Tier 2 students need the core of 90-120 minutes daily of reading instruction/activities plus an additional 15-30 minutes daily.
Tier 3 students are your students who do not make expected progress through the support of tier 2 interventions, or those that fall way below the benchmark. I would progress monitor these students once a week if possible. Tier 3 students need individualized and intensive interventions. One-on-one time is preferred. Now these students need the 90-120 minutes daily of reading/literacy activities and instruction plus an additional 30-90 minutes on top of that.

I know it sounds like a lot BUT literacy centers, small group, guided reading, silent reading, writing, read-alouds, phonics, etc. all go toward that time. And so does time with an ESL/ELL teacher, Title I teacher, Instructional/Literacy Coach and Reading Specialist. Every little bit counts!!!

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